Physical Therapy is one of the key components, and first line of interventions in the multidisciplinary approach to pain.
Not all pain is the same. Certain pain conditions arising in nerve or musculoskeletal systems, respond particularly well to management by Physical Therapy. Thus, Physical therapy is one of the key components, and first line of interventions in the multidisciplinary approach to pain. The main goals are to learn how to control pain and improve functionality. Physical therapy provides education on correct posture and utilizes aerobic and strengthening exercise, stretching, massage, joint mobilization and manipulation, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ultrasound, heat and cold modalities, as determined by the therapist
Patients with chronic pain are typically unable to maintain general fitness and get deconditioned with decreased mobility. Starting and continuing physical therapy with intractable pain is very challenging. A thorough evaluation, individualized planning and gradually increasing stretching and exercise plan is necessary. Physical therapy is particularly beneficial for myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back pain, neck pain, tendonitis and neuropathic pain.